Arthritis of the foot and ankle: arthrodesis. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons website. Available at:
http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00209. Updated September 2008. Accessed April 4, 2013.
Daniels TR. Ankle arthrodesis. Canadian Orthopaedic Association website. Available at:
http://www.coa-aco.org/library/clinical-topics/ankle-arthrodesis.html. Accessed April 4, 2013.
Foot pain—differential diagnosis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:
http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated October 31, 2011. Accessed April 4, 2013.
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
University of Washington School of Medicine
Canadian Orthopaedic Association
Department of Orthopaedics
The University of British Columbia