Bloodless Surgery

Bloodless surgery and medicine avoids using donor blood transfusions. Goals of bloodless surgery include:

  • Call Your Doctor

    It is important for you to monitor your recovery after you leave the hospital. Alert your doctor to any problems right away. If any of the following occur, call your doctor:

    • Signs of infection, including fever and chills
    • Redness, swelling, increasing pain, a lot of bleeding, or any discharge from the incision site
    • Nausea or vomiting
    • Pain that you cannot control with the medications you were given
    • Cough, shortness of breath, or chest pain
    • Lightheadedness or weakness
    • Pain, burning, urgency, frequency of urination, or persistent bleeding in the urine
    • New, unexplained symptoms

    If you think you have an emergency, call for medical help right away.

  • Definition


    Bloodless surgery and medicine avoids using donor
    blood transfusions. Goals of bloodless surgery include:

    • Save and re-infuse the patient’s own blood (instead of donated blood)
    • Use medications that will boost a patient’s blood production and put off elective surgery until anemia resolves
    • Minimize blood loss with surgical techniques and medications to improve clotting

  • What to Expect

  • Reasons for Procedure

    Lost blood during surgery is usually replaced by blood transfusions of donated blood. However, a patient may not want to receive donated blood. Reasons may include:


    • Concerns about blood-borne diseases, such as
      HIV or hepatitis
    • Complications from a blood transfusion
    • Religious beliefs

    Bloodless surgery is an option for those who do not want or cannot have a donor blood transfusion.

    There are also benefits of bloodless surgery:

    • Quicker recovery time
    • Shorter hospital stay
    • Faster wound-healing
    • Fewer blood transfusion complications

  • Possible Complications

    Complications from bloodless surgery may include having a poor reaction to the medications, fluids, and other methods used to prepare your body for the procedure. If you plan to use the bloodless approach, your doctor will review a list of possible complications specific to your situation, focusing on the type of surgery you will be having and your overall health.

    Smoking
    may increase the risk of complications. If you smoke, talk to your doctor about how you can
    quit.