Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation for Children Age 1 to Early Teens

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a series of steps to help a person who is not responding and has stopped breathing. CPR helps deliver oxygen rich blood to the body tissue when the body is not able to do this on its own.

  • Call for Help

    If a child is unresponsive and someone is with you, have that person call for medical help right away. If you are alone, do CPR for about two minutes before calling for medical help.

  • Definition

    Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a series of steps to help a person who is not responding and has stopped breathing. CPR helps deliver oxygen rich blood to the body tissue when the body is not able to do this on its own.

  • What to Do

  • Reasons for Procedure


    CPR is given to a child who is not breathing. Reasons for this may include:

    • Trauma

    • Sudden
      cardiac arrest
    • Cerebrovascular accident (bleeding in the brain)
    • Burns
    • Choking
    • Drowning
    • Electrical shocks and lightning strikes
    • Severe infection
    • Drug overdose
    • Excessive bleeding
    • Hypothermia

    The outcome will depend on the cause and how soon effective CPR was initiated. Many people are unable to regain a normal heartbeat after it has stopped.

  • Possible Complications


    It is possible that
    ribs will fracture
    or break during chest compressions. Other complications, like a puncture of a lung, are also possible.


    People with weakened bones have a higher risk of
    fractures
    from CPR. However, there is greater risk of death if CPR is delayed or not done correctly.