Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation for Teens and Adults

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a series of steps to help a person who is not responding and has stopped breathing. CPR helps deliver oxygen rich blood to the body tissue when the body is not able to do this on its own.

  • Call for Help

    If a teen or adult is unresponsive, call for medical help right away. If someone is with you, have that person call for medical help right away while you begin CPR.

  • Definition

    Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a series of steps to help a person who is not responding and has stopped breathing. CPR helps deliver oxygen rich blood to the body tissue when the body is not able to do this on its own.

  • What to Do

  • Reasons for Procedure

    CPR is given to a person who is not responding and has stopped breathing. Reasons for this may include:


    • Sudden
      cardiac arrest

    • Cerebrovascular accident (such as
      stroke)
    • Trauma
    • Choking
    • Drowning
    • Electrical shocks and lightning strikes
    • Severe infection
    • Severe allergic reaction
    • Drug overdose
    • Excessive bleeding
    • Hypothermia

    The outcome will depend on the initial cause and how soon effective CPR was started. Many victims are unable to regain a normal heartbeat after it has stopped.

  • Possible Complications


    The goal of the CPR is to provide blood flow to a victim’s heart, brain, and other vital organs until proper medical care can be given. The victim is likely to die if CPR is not started immediately. Complications may include
    fracture of the ribs, broken teeth, infections, and puncture of the lung.

    People with weakened bones have a higher risk of bone fractures from CPR. However, there is a greater risk of death if CPR is delayed or not done correctly.