Cervical Conization

Cervical conization is done to remove a cone-shaped piece of tissue from the cervix. The cervix is located at the top of the vagina and is the entryway into the uterus (womb).

  • Call Your Doctor

    After arriving home, contact your doctor if any of the following occurs:

    • Signs of infection, including fever, chills, or smelly discharge from vagina
    • Heavy vaginal bleeding (This may not occur until about one week after the operation, when the healing scar is shed from the cervix.)
    • Abdominal or pelvic pain that worsens

    In case of an emergency, call for medical help right away.

  • Definition

    Cervical conization is done to remove a cone-shaped piece of tissue from the cervix. The cervix is located at the top of the vagina and is the entryway into the uterus (womb).

  • What to Expect

  • Reasons for Procedure


    A cervical conization is used to diagnose and to treat
    cervical cancer
    or precancerous changes in the cervix. The procedure takes place after a woman has had abnormal
    Pap smears. Pap smears are screening tests to detect abnormal, pre-cancerous, and cancerous cells in the cervix.

    Cervix With Precancerous Growth
    Nucleus factsheet image
    Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

  • Possible Complications

    Complications are rare, but no procedure is completely free of risk. If you are planning to have a cervical conization, your doctor will review a list of possible complications, which may include:

    • Infection
    • Bleeding
    • Premature delivery with future pregnancies
    • Scarring of the cervix

    Before your procedure, talk to your doctor about ways to manage factors that may increase your risk of complications such as:

    • Smoking
    • Drinking
    • Chronic disease such as diabetes or obesity