Cholecystectomy -- Laparoscopic Surgery

Cholecystectomy is the surgical removal of the gallbladder. This procedure is most often done laparoscopically. This is done through several small incisions in the abdomen. In some cases, the doctor may switch to open surgery. This involves a larger incision in the abdomen.

  • Call Your Doctor

    Call your doctor if any of these occur:

    • Signs of infection, including fever and chills
    • Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or discharge at the incision site
    • Cough, shortness of breath, chest pain
    • Increased abdominal pain
    • Pain that you cannot control with the medications you have been given
    • Blood in the stool
    • Persistent nausea and/or vomiting
    • Bloating and gas that persist for more than a month
    • Pain and/or swelling in your feet, calves, or legs
    • Dark urine, light stools, or yellowing of the skin or eyes

    If you think you have an emergency, call for medical help right away.

  • Definition


    Cholecystectomy is the surgical removal of the gallbladder. This procedure is most often done laparoscopically. This is done through several small incisions in the abdomen. In some cases, the doctor may switch to
    open surgery. This involves a larger incision in the abdomen.

    Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy vs. Open Cholecystectomy
    IMAGE
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  • What to Expect

  • Reasons for Procedure


    This surgery is used to remove a diseased or damaged gallbladder. The damage is typically caused by infection or inflammation.
    This is often due to
    gallstones,
    which are crystals of bile that can form in the gallbladder. Sometimes, these get stuck in the ducts that bile normally flows through. This blockage in the ducts can damage the gallbladder and the liver.

  • Possible Complications

    Problems from the procedure are rare, but all procedures have some risk. Your doctor will review potential problems, like:

    • Gallstones that have accidentally entered the abdominal cavity
    • Bleeding
    • Infection
    • Injury to other nearby structures or organs
    • Reactions to general anesthesia
    • Blood clots

    Before your procedure, talk to your doctor about ways to manage factors that may increase your risk of complications such as:

    • Smoking
    • Drinking
    • Chronic diseases, such as diabetes or obesity