• References

    American College of Cardiology
    Task Force. American College of Cardiology/Society
    for Cardiac Angiography and Interventions
    clinical expert consensus document on
    cardiac catheterization laboratory standards:
    a report of the American College of Cardiology
    Task Force on clinical expert consensus documents.
    J Am Coll Cardiol
    . 2001 Jun 15;37(8):2170-2214.

    Angio-Seal VIP. St. Jude Medical Website. Available at:
    . Accessed February 7, 2013.

    Baim D, Grossman W.
    Coronary Angioplasty, in Cardiac Catheterization, Angiography, and Intervention
    6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins;2000.

    Bain S, Moheet AM, Rasmussen P. Which patients benefit from carotid stenting? What recent trials show.
    Cleve Clin J Med
    2008 Oct;75(10):714-20. Review.

    Bravata DM, Gienger AL, McDonald KM, Sundaram V, Perez MV, Varghese R, Kapoor JR, Ardehali R, Owens DK, Hlatky MA.Systematic review: the comparative effectiveness of percutaneous coronary interventions and coronary artery bypass graft surgery.
    Ann Intern Med
    2007 Nov 20;147(10):703-16. Epub 2007 Oct 15. Review.

    Chaer RA, Makaroun MS. Current indications for carotid angioplasty and stenting.
    Perspect Vasc Surg Endovasc Ther
    2008 Sep;20(3):239-44. Review.

    Hochman J, Lamas GA, Buller CE, et al. Coronary intervention for persistent occlusion after myocardial infarction.
    N J Eng Med
    2006;355:2395-2407. Available at:
    . Accessed February 7, 2013.

    Kasper DL, et al.
    Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine
    . 16th ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Professional;2004.

    Smith SC, Dove JT, Jacobs AK, et al. ACC/AHA guidelines of percutaneous coronary interventions.
    J Am Coll Cardiol

    Weaver WD.
    Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine
    5th ed. Philadelphia, PA:WB Saunders; 1997.

    What is coronary angioplasty? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at:
    . Updated February 1, 2012. Accessed February 7, 2013.

  • Resources

    American Heart Association

    National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

  • Canadian Resources

    Public Health Agency of Canada

    Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada