Cystogram

A cystogram uses contrast dye to create pictures of the:

  • Call Your Doctor

    Call your doctor if any of these occur:

    • Blood in the urine that lasts longer than expected
    • Discomfort during urination that lasts longer than expected
    • Pain
    • Fever
    • Inability to urinate

    If you have an emergency, call for medical help right away.

  • Definition

    A cystogram uses contrast dye to create pictures of the:

    • Bladder
    • Ureters—tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder
    • Urethra—the tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside of the body
    The Urinary Tract
    The Urinary Tract
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  • What to Expect

  • Reasons for Procedure

    A cystogram helps your doctor gain more information about the urinary system. For example, if you are having urine leakage, your doctor may be able to find the cause.

    A cystogram can also be used to diagnose conditions like:

    • Vesicoureteral reflux
      —urine flows from the bladder back towards the kidneys
    • Bladder distention—enlargement of the bladder
    • Bladder irregularities, such as bladder cancer and incomplete voiding

  • Possible Complications

    Problems from the test are rare. However, all procedures have some risk. Your doctor will review potential problems, like:

    • Urinary tract infection
      due to the catheter being inserted
    • Bleeding due to the catheter being inserted
    • Discomfort during urination, which may last several hours
    • Allergic reaction to the contrast dye

    Talk to your doctor about these risks before the procedure.