• References

    Gastroenterology urology devices. US Food and Drug Administration website. Available at:
    Published April 1, 2010. Accessed May 23, 2013.

    Shellito PC, Malt RA. Tube gastrostomy. Techniques and complications.
    Ann Surg.

    Torosian MH, Rombeau JL. Feeding by tube enterostomy.
    Surg Gynecol Obstet.

    6/3/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance Mills E, Eyawo O, et al. Smoking cessation reduces postoperative complications: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
    Am J Med.

  • Resources

    American Academy of Family Physicians

    National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse

  • Canadian Resources

    Canadian Association of Gastroenterology

    Canadian Digestive Health Foundation