• References

    Hammer toe. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons website. Available at:
    Updated September 2012. Accessed May 2, 2013.

    Campbell's Operative Orthopaedics.
    9th ed. Mosby-Year Book; 1998.

    Murphy GA.
    Campbell's Operative Orthopaedics.
    10th ed. Philadelphia; Mosby, Inc; 2003.

    6/2/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance Mills E, Eyawo O, Lockhart I, Kelly S, Wu P, Ebbert JO.
    Smoking cessation reduces postoperative complications: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
    Am J Med.

  • Resources

    American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons

    The American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine

  • Canadian Resources

    Calgary Foot Clinic

    Nurses Entrepreneurial Foot Care Association of Canada

    Canadian Podiatric Medical Association