Hemorrhoidectomy

A hemorrhoidectomy is an operation to remove hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are swollen veins located in or around the anus and rectum. Hemorrhoids can cause discomfort, pain, or bleeding. HemorrhoidCopyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

  • Call Your Doctor

    Call your doctor if any of the following occurs:

    • Passing large amounts of blood
    • Signs of infection, including fever and chills
    • Pain that you cannot control with the medications you have been given
    • Constipation or trouble urinating
    • An aching feeling develops in the area between the rectum and the genitals

    If you think you have an emergency, call for medical help right away.

  • Definition


    A hemorrhoidectomy is an operation to remove hemorrhoids.
    Hemorrhoids
    are swollen veins located in or around the anus and rectum. Hemorrhoids can cause discomfort, pain, or bleeding.

    Hemorrhoid
    Nucleus image
    Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

  • What to Expect

  • Reasons for Procedure

    Hemorrhoidectomy is used to treat painful, swollen hemorrhoids. The procedure is most often done for the following reasons:

    • Hemorrhoid symptoms do not get better with other therapies
    • Severely bleeding hemorrhoids
    • Hemorrhoid containing a blood clot
    • Hemorrhoids that protrude through the anus

  • Possible Complications

    Problems from the procedure are rare, but all procedures have some risk. Your doctor will review potential problems, like:

    • Infection
    • Bleeding
    • Constipation
    • Recurrence of hemorrhoids
    • Narrowing of the anal canal
    • Loss of bowel or bladder control
    • Adverse reaction to local anesthetic

    Before your procedure, talk to your doctor about ways to manage factors that may increase your risk of complications such as:

    • Smoking
    • Drinking
    • Chronic disease such as diabetes or obesity

    Other factors that may increase your risk of complications include:

    • Prior anal surgery
    • Bleeding disorders