• References

    Hemorrhoids. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated March 21, 2013. Accessed May 23, 2013.

    Living with hemorrhoids. American Gastroenterological Association website. Available at: Published April 25, 2010. Accessed May 23, 2013.

    6/2/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance Mills E, Eyawo O, Lockhart I, Kelly S, Wu P, Ebbert JO.
    Smoking cessation reduces postoperative complications: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
    Am J Med.

  • Resources

    American Gastroenterological Association

    American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons

  • Canadian Resources

    The Canadian Association of Gastroenterology

    The College of Family Physicians of Canada