Hernia Repair

A hernia forms when your abdominal wall weakens, bulges, or tears. The inner lining of the abdomen and small intestine can poke out of this weakened area. A hernia repair is a surgery to push the abdominal material back where it belongs and to repair the abdominal wall.

  • Call Your Doctor

    After arriving home, contact your doctor if any of the following occurs:

    • Signs of infection, including fever and chills
    • Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or any discharge from the incision site
    • Nausea and/or vomiting that you cannot control with the medicines you were given after surgery, or which persist for more than two days after discharge from the hospital
    • Pain that you cannot control with the medicines you have been given
    • Pain, burning, urgency or frequency of urination, or persistent bleeding in the urine
    • Excessive tenderness or swelling
    • Cough, shortness of breath, or chest pain

    In case of an emergency, call for medical help right away.

  • Definition

    A hernia forms when your abdominal wall weakens, bulges, or tears. The inner lining of the abdomen and small intestine can poke out of this weakened area. A hernia repair is a surgery to push the abdominal material back where it belongs and to repair the abdominal wall.

    Inguinal Hernias
    IMAGE
    Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

  • What to Expect

    On the days before and the day of your procedure, your doctor may recommend that you:

    • Follow a special diet.
    • Take antibiotic medicine.
    • Shower the night before, using antibacterial soap.
    • Arrange for someone to drive you home and to help you at home.
    • The night before, eat a light meal. Do not eat or drink anything after midnight.
    • Wear comfortable clothing.

    There is some risk that the hernia could return. To reduce your risk:

    • Maintain a healthy weight.
    • Strengthen your abdominal muscles.

    • Treat chronic
      constipation
      ,
      allergies
      , or chronic
      cough
      .

    • Eat a
      high-fiber diet
      .

  • Reasons for Procedure

    A hernia repair is done if the hernia is large and causing pain. Some hernias, called strangulated hernia, can cut off blood supply. Strangulated hernias require immediate hernia repair surgery.

    Without surgery, the hernia will not heal. The pain and size of the hernia usually increases over time.

  • Possible Complications

    Complications are rare, but no procedure is completely free of risk. If you are planning to have a hernia repair, your doctor will review a list of possible complications, which may include:

    • Damage to neighboring organs or structures (such as, intestine or bladder)
    • Infection
    • Bleeding
    • Scarring
    • Pneumonia
      and other risks of general anesthesia

    Factors that may increase the risk of complications include:

    • Having neurological, heart, or lung conditions
    • Age: older than 70 years
    • Obesity
    • Smoking
    • Active infection