In Vitro Fertilization
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a process where sperm and an egg are joined together outside of the body to create an embryo. The embryo can then be inserted into a mother's uterus.
Call Your Doctor
Call your doctor if any of the following occurs:
- Signs of infection, including fever and chills
- Foul-smelling vaginal discharge
- Vaginal bleeding
- Abdominal pain or cramping
- Cough, shortness of breath, chest pain, or severe nausea or vomiting
- Any unusual symptoms
If you think you have an emergency, call for medical help right away.
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a process where sperm and an egg
joined together outside of the body to create an embryo. The embryo can then be inserted into a mother's uterus.
Fallopian Tube, Ovary, and Uterus Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
What to Expect
Reasons for Procedure
IVF is done to help a woman become pregnant when there is difficulty becoming pregnant naturally.
It is most often done when
is due to:
- Damaged fallopian tubes
- Ovulation disorders
- Cervical factors
- Male factors, such as low sperm count or poor-quality sperm
If you are planning to have IVF, your doctor will review a list of possible complications, which may include:
- Still not being able to become pregnant
- Having multiple babies
- Ectopic pregnancy
, when the embryo develops outside the uterus
- Anesthesia-related problems
- Short- and long-term adverse effects from fertility drugs
- Ovarian rupture (rare)
Factors that may increase the risk of not conceiving and carrying to term include:
- Women being over age 40 years
- Drinking alcohol