• References

    Bach HG, Lim RD. Minimally invasive spine surgery for low back pain.
    Dis Mon.

    Lavelle W, Carl A, Lavelle ED. Invasive and minimally invasive surgical techniques for back pain conditions.
    Anesthesiol Clin.

    Treatment options: low back (lumbar). University of Southern California, Department of Neurological Surgery website. Available at: Accessed September 8, 2009.

    Treatment options: neck (cervical). University of Southern California website. Available at: Accessed September 8, 2009.

    6/7/2007 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance Peul WC, van Houwelingen HC, van den Hout WB, et al. Surgery versus prolonged conservative treatment for sciatica.
    N Engl J Med.

  • Resources

    National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

    North American Spine Society

  • Canadian Resources

    Canadian/American Spinal Research Organization