• References

    Degenerative joint disease of the knee. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated May 3, 2013. Accessed May 6, 2013.

    Frequently asked questions: high tibial osteotomy. New England Musculoskeletal Institute website. Available at: Accessed May 6, 2013.

    Knee osteotomy. The Knee Society website. Available at: Accessed May 6, 2013.

    Knee replacement surgery. Johns Hopkins Medicine website. Available at:,P07673/. Accessed May 6, 2013.

    Marti R, Verhagen R, Kerkhoffs G, Moojen T. Proximal tibial varus osteotomy.
    J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2001;83-A(2):164-170

    Wilson A. Knee osteotomy and painful osteoarthritis. Knee Guru Information Hub website. Available at: Published May 13, 2010. Accessed May 6, 2013.

    6/6/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
    http:/ Mills E, Eyawo O, Lockhart I, Kelly S, Wu P, Ebbert JO. Smoking cessation reduces postoperative complications: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
    Am J Med.

  • Resources

    American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons

    American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine

  • Canadian Resources

    Canadian Orthopaedic Association

    Canadian Orthopaedic Foundation