• References

    Knee replacement surgery procedure. Johns Hopkins Medicine. Available at:,P07673/. Accessed February 28, 2014.

    Total knee arthroplasty. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated February 6, 2014. Accessed February 28, 2014.

    Total knee replacement.
    American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons website. Available at: Updated December 2011. Accessed February 28, 2014.

    4/16/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance Harmer AR, Naylor JM, Crosbie J, Russell T. Land-based versus water-based rehabilitation following total knee replacement: a randomized, single-blind trial.
    Arthritis Rheum.

    6/2/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance Mills E, Eyawo O, Lockhart I, Kelly S, Wu P, Ebbert JO. Smoking cessation reduces postoperative complications: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
    Am J Med.

  • Resources

    American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons

    American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine

  • Canadian Resources

    Canadian Orthopaedic Association

    Canadian Orthopaedic Foundation