• References

    Allen RT, Garfin SR. The economics of minimally invasive spine surgery: the
    value perspective.
    Spine. 2010 Dec 15;35(26 Suppl).:S375-82.

    Djurasovic M, Glassman SD, et al. Contemporary management
    of symptomatic lumbar spinal stenosis.
    Orthop Clin North Am. 2010 Apr;41(2):183-191.

    Herniated disc. American Association of Neurological Surgeons website. Available at: Updated December 2011. Accessed November 25, 2013.

    Lindström D, Azodi O, et al. Effects of a Perioperative Smoking Cessation Intervention on Postoperative Complications: A Randomized Trial.
    Ann Surg. 2008 Nov;248(5):739-745.

    Pain: hope through research. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke website. Available at: Updated August 30, 2013. Accessed November 25, 2013.

  • Resources

    American Academy of Family Physicians

    National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

  • Canadian Resources

    College of Family Physicians of Canada