Laparoscopy

Laparoscopy is a type of surgery done through several small incisions in the abdomen. Small tools and a laparoscope with a tiny camera, are placed through the incisions to allow the surgeon to see inside the belly and perform surgical tasks. This type of surgery is popular, because it usually shortens recovery time. It also leaves small scars in most cases.

  • Call Your Doctor

    After arriving home, contact your doctor if any of the following occur:

    • Signs of infection, including fever and chills
    • Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or discharge from the incision site
    • Persistent nausea and/or vomiting that you cannot control with the medications you were given
    • Pain that you cannot control with the medications you were given
    • Headache, muscle aches, feeling faint or lightheaded
    • Difficulty urinating or having a bowel movement

    If you think you have an emergency, call for medical help right away.

  • Definition

    Laparoscopy is a type of surgery done through several small incisions in the abdomen. Small tools and a laparoscope with a tiny camera, are placed through the incisions to allow the surgeon to see inside the belly and perform surgical tasks. This type of surgery is popular, because it usually shortens recovery time. It also leaves small scars in most cases.

    Laparoscopic Instruments Being Placed in the Abdomen
    nucleus image
    Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

  • What to Expect

  • Reasons for Procedure

    Many types of surgery can now be done with a laparoscope. Some examples include:

    • Hernia repair
    • Biopsy
      of abdominal organs
    • Appendectomy
    • Colectomy
    • Gallbladder,

      gallstone, or kidney stone
      removal
    • Tubal ligation
    • Ectopic pregnancy
      surgery
    • Hysterectomy
    • Fibroid tumor removal
    • Adrenal gland removal
    • Splenectomy
    • Lysis of adhesions
      in abdomen

    It can also be done to help make a diagnosis.

  • Possible Complications

    Problems from the procedure are rare, but all procedures have some risk. Your doctor will review potential problems, like:

    • Infection
    • Bleeding
    • Damage to blood vessels or organs
    • Problems related to anesthesia
    • The need for open surgery rather than laparoscopic surgery

    Factors that may increase the risk of complications include:

    • Smoking
    • Obesity
    • Heart or lung conditions
    • Previous abdominal surgery
    • Diabetes