Lung Transplant

This is a surgery to remove severely diseased and damaged lungs. They are replaced with healthy lungs from a deceased donor. One or both lungs may be transplanted. In some cases, a heart transplant is done at the same time. In that case, the procedure is called a heart-lung transplant .

  • Definition


    This is a surgery to remove severely diseased and damaged lungs. They are replaced with healthy lungs from a deceased donor. One or both lungs may be transplanted. In some cases, a
    heart transplant
    is done at the same time. In that case, the procedure is called a
    heart-lung transplant
    .

  • What to Expect

  • Reasons for Procedure

    A lung transplant is done to treat irreversible, life-threatening lung disease, such as:


    • End-stage
      chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
      , which includes
      chronic bronchitis
      and
      emphysema
    • Cystic fibrosis
    • Pulmonary hypertension
    • Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (a genetic disorder)
    • Sarcoidosis
    • Severe scarring or inflammation of the bronchioles (smallest airways)
    Normal vs. Emphysemic Lung
    Nucleus factsheet image
    Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

  • Possible Complications

    If you are planning to have a lung transplant, your doctor will review a list of possible complications, which may include:

    • Infection
    • Bleeding
    • Rejection of the donor lung (your body's immune system attacks the new lungs)

    • Conditions related to taking immunosuppressant drugs

      • Infection
      • Cancer
      • Diabetes
      • Kidney damage
      • Osteoporosis
    • Anesthesia-related problems
    • Death

    Be sure to discuss these risks with your doctor before the procedure.