Percutaneous Balloon Valvuloplasty

Percutaneous balloon valvuloplasty is done to open a constricted heart valve with a balloon. Mitral Valve StenosisCopyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

  • Call Your Doctor

    After you leave the hospital, contact your doctor if any of the following occurs:

    • Signs of infection, including fever and chills
    • Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or any discharge from the puncture site
    • Pain that you cannot control with the medicines you have been given
    • Lightheadedness, fainting, or inability to talk
    • Cough, shortness of breath, or chest pain
    • An arm or a leg that turns blue or feels cold
    • Any other new symptoms

    In case of an emergency, call for medical help right away.

  • Definition

    Percutaneous balloon valvuloplasty is done to open a constricted heart valve with a balloon.

    Mitral Valve Stenosis
    Nucleus image
    Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

  • What to Expect

  • Reasons for Procedure


    Any of the heart’s four valves can become deformed. It may happen because of conditions at birth or scarring from disease. A damaged valve can decrease the amount of blood that flows through it. This condition is called
    stenosis. Low blood flow can lead to heart failure and death. The valve will need to be opened to restore full blood flow.

    Rheumatic fever
    and congenital birth defects are two main causes of stenosis. It can also happen due to aging and calcium deposits.

    Depending on the overall condition of the valve, relief of symptoms can be expected to last at least two years. Some people have relief of symptoms much longer.

  • Possible Complications

    If you are planning to have a valvuloplasty, your doctor will review a list of possible complications, which may include:

    • Bleeding
    • Infection
    • Leaking valve
    • Damage to the heart or other organs
    • Blood clot formation
    • Stroke

    Before your procedure, talk to your doctor about ways to manage factors that may increase your risk of complications such as:

    • Smoking
    • Drinking
    • Chronic disease such as diabetes or obesity

    Your risk of complications may be increased if you have blood clots in your heart or the anatomy of your heart is unusual.