• References

    Brockman RG, Ziskind AA. Pericardiocentesis and associated treatment of pericardial effusion.
    Cardiac Intensive Care. 1998;657-663.

    Pericardiocentesis (pericardial tap). Cleveland Clinic Heart Center website. Available at: Accessed September 16, 2005.

    Pericardium and pericarditis. American Heart Association website. Available at: Accessed September 25, 2005.

    Protocol cardiac: pericardiocentesis. Vanderbilt University Medical Center website. Available at: Accessed September 16, 2005.

    Spodick DH. Acute cardiac tamponade.
    New England Journal of Medicine. 2003;349:684-690.

    Tibbles CD, Porcaro W. Procedural applications of ultrasound.
    Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America.

    6/3/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance Mills E, Eyawo O, Lockhart I, Kelly S, Wu P, Ebbert JO. Smoking cessation reduces postoperative complications: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
    Am J Med.

  • Resources

    American Heart Association

    National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

  • Canadian Resources

    Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada