• References

    Griffith HW, Moore S, Yoder K.
    Complete Guide to Symptoms, Illness & Surgery
    . New York, NY: Putnam Publishing Group; 2000.

    Le CQ, Gettman MT. Laparoscopic and robotic radical prostatectomy.
    Exper Rev Anticancer Ther
    . 2006;6:1003-1011.

    Mitchell RE, Lee BT, Cookson MS, et al. Immediate surgical outcomes for radical prostatectomy in the University HealthSystem Consortium Clinical Data Base: the impact of hospital case volume, hospital size and geographical region on 48 000 patients.
    BJU Int
    . 2009 Aug 13. [Epub ahead of print].

    Benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:
    . Updated August 27, 2012. Accessed September 11, 2012.

    Prostate cancer. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:
    . Updated August 20, 2012. Accessed September 11, 2012.

    General information about prostate cancer.
    National Cancer Institute website. Available at:
    . Accessed September 11, 2012.

    6/2/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
    : Mills E, Eyawo O, Lockhart I, Kelly S, Wu P, Ebbert JO. Smoking cessation reduces postoperative complications: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
    Am J Med

    10/21/2013 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
    : O'Reilly EA, Burke JP, O'Connell PR. A meta-analysis of surgical morbidity and recurrence after laparoscopic and open repair of primary unilateral inguinal hernia. Ann Surg. 2012 May;255(5):846-53.

  • Resources

    Center for Prostate Disease Research

    US Department of Defense

    Urology Care Foundation

  • Canadian Resources

    Urology Resource Center Canada