Robot-Assisted Cardiac Procedures

A doctor guides robotic arms to do surgery on the heart. The surgery is done through several tiny keyhole incisions.

  • Call Your Doctor

    It is important for you to monitor your recovery after you leave the hospital. Alert your doctor to any problems right away. If any of the following occur, call your doctor:

    • Signs of infection, including fever and chills
    • Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or discharge from an incision site
    • Cough, shortness of breath, or chest pain
    • Rapid weight gain
    • Pain and/or swelling in your feet, calves, or legs
    • Headache, feeling faint or lightheaded
    • New or worsening symptoms

    If you think you have an emergency, call for medical help right away.

  • Definition

    A doctor guides robotic arms to do surgery on the heart. The surgery is done through several tiny keyhole incisions.

  • What to Expect

  • Reasons for Procedure

    Robot-assisted cardiac procedures are done to treat a variety of conditions:

    • Robot-assisted
      mitral valve repair
      may be used to treat:

      • Stenosis—narrowing of the mitral valve
      • Regurgitation—leakage of the mitral valve

    • Robot-assisted
      coronary artery bypass grafting
      may be used to treat:

      • Blockages in the heart’s arteries

      • Severe chest pain such as
        that has not improved with medications
    • Robot-assisted
      atrial septal defect
      repair may be used to treat a hole between the upper chambers of the heart that does not close properly during fetal development.

    • Robot-assisted biventricular
      lead placement may be used to treat heart failure due to
      atrial fibrillation, which is an irregular heart rhythm in the upper chambers of the heart.
    Pacemaker Placement
    Pacemaker leads implanted in heart to maintain normal rhythm.
    Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

    Benefits of robot-assisted cardiac procedures may include:

    • Increased range of motion with the robotic arms
    • Ability to filter out human hand tremor and translate the doctor’s larger hand movements into smaller ones

    • Reduced
      to the body
    • Shorter hospital stay
    • Faster recovery

  • Possible Complications

    Problems from the procedure are rare, but all procedures have some risk. Your doctor will review potential problems, like:

    • Damage to nearby organs or structures in the chest
    • Infection
    • Bleeding
    • Blood clots
    • Anesthesia-related problems
    • Death

    Some factors that may increase the risk of complications include:

    • Prior
      heart attack
      or heart surgery
    • Increased age
    • Diabetes
    • Obesity
    • Smoking
    • Excessive alcohol intake
    • Uncontrolled thyroid disease

    Be sure to discuss these risks with your doctor before the surgery.