Resources

  • References

    AAOS clinical guideline on low back pain/sciatica (acute) (phases I and II). American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) website. Available at:
    http://www.guidelines.gov/summary/summary.aspx?doc%5Fid=5369&nbr=003672&string=spinal+AND+fusion. Accessed September 9, 2005.


    Deyo RA, Nachemson S, et al. Spinal-fusion surgery—the case for restraint.
    N Engl J Med. 2004;350(7):722-726.


    Kim CW, Siemionow K, et al. The current state of minimally invasive spine surgery.
    J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2011 Mar 16;93(6):582-596.


    Lindström D, Omid Sadr A, et al. Effects of a perioperative smoking cessation intervention on postoperative complications: a randomized trial.
    Ann Surg.
    2008;248:739-745.


    Lipson SJ. Spinal-fusion surgery—advances and concerns.
    N Engl J Med. 2004;350(7):643-644.

    North American Spine Society. Phase III clinical guidelines for multidisciplinary spine care specialists. Spinal stenosis version 1.0. National Guideline Clearinghouse website. Available at:
    http://www.guidelines.gov/summary/summary.aspx?doc%5Fid=3609&nbr=002835&string=spinal+AND+fusion. Accessed September 7, 2005.


    Spinal fusion. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons website. Available at:
    http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00348. Updated September 2007. Accessed June 25, 2008.

    Spinal fusion surgery. North American Spine Society website. Available at:
    http://www.spine.org/articles/spinalfusion.cfm. Accessed August 30, 2005.

  • Resources

    American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons

    http://www.aaos.org

    American Association of Neurological Surgeons

    http://www.neurosurgerytoday.org

  • Canadian Resources

    Canadian Orthopaedic Association

    http://www.coa-aco.org

    The University of British Columbia Department of Orthopaedics

    http://www.orthosurgery.ubc.ca