Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Pertussis Vaccine
Who Should Not Get Vaccinated?
Most people should receive their vaccinations on schedule. However, individuals in whom the risks of vaccination outweigh the benefits include people who:
- Have had a life-threatening allergic reaction to Tdap
- Have had a severe allergy to any component of the vaccine to be given
Have gone into a
within seven days after a dose of Tdap
Talk with your doctor before getting the vaccine if you have:
- Epilepsy or other nervous system problems
- Severe swelling or severe pain after a previous dose of any component of the vaccination to be given
- Guillain-Barre syndrome
- Moderate or severe illness
—wait until you recover to get the vaccine
What Other Ways Can Tetanus, Diphtheria, or Pertussis Be Prevented?
The best way to prevent diphtheria is to get vaccinated.
Caring properly for wounds, including promptly cleaning them and seeing a doctor for medical care, can prevent a tetanus infection.
You can help prevent pertussis by keeping infants and other people at high risk away from infected people.
What Happens in the Event of a Pertussis Outbreak?
In the event of a
outbreak, all people who may have been exposed should be brought up to date with the vaccination. It is important to protect infants by isolating those who have the infection. Diagnosing the disease as quickly as possible can help control future outbreaks.
What does this vaccine help prevent?
This vaccine helps prevent:
- which causes a sore throat with thick covering in the back of the throat
- which causes painful muscle tightening all over the body; also known as lockjaw
- which causes bad coughing spells that make it difficult for infants to eat, drink, and breathe; also known as whooping cough
What Are the Risks Associated With the Pertussis Vaccine?
Most people tolerate the vaccines without any trouble. The most common side effects are:
- Pain, redness, or swelling at the injection site
- Mild fever
- Stomach ache
Uncommon symptoms include:
- Fever over 102ºF
- Severe gastrointestinal problems
- Severe headache
is sometimes given to reduce pain and fever that may occur after getting a vaccine. In infants, the medication
may weaken the vaccine's effectiveness. However, in children at risk for seizures, a fever lowering
may be important to take. Discuss the risks and benefits of taking acetaminophen with your doctor.
What Is the Tdap Vaccine?
The Tdap vaccine contains diphtheria and tetanus toxoids, and acellular (small, purified pieces) pertussis germ.
is given to children ≥ 7 years old, adolescents, and adults to protect against tetanus, diphtheria, and
The vaccine is given as an injection, usually into the arm or thigh.
Who Should Get Vaccinated and When?