• References

    Merchant RF, Pichot O, Closure Study Group. Long-term outcomes of endovenous radiofrequency obliteration of saphenous reflux as a treatment for superficial venous insufficiency.
    J Vasc Surg. 2005; 42(3):502-509.

    Varicose veins. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated July 29, 2013. Accessed August 8, 2013.

    Varicose veins. VascularWeb website. Available at: Updated January 2012. Accessed August 8, 2013.

    Varicose veins and spider veins fact sheet. US Office on Women's Health. Available at: Updated June 2, 2010. Accessed August 8, 2013.

    6/2/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
    Mills E, Eyawo O, Lockhart I, Kelly S, Wu P, Ebbert JO.
    Smoking cessation reduces postoperative complications: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
    Am J Med.

  • Resources

    American College of Phlebology

    American Society of Plastic Surgeons

  • Canadian Resources

    Canadian Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery

    Canadian Society for Vascular Surgery