Tubal Ligation -- Laparoscopic Surgery

Fallopian tubes are tubes that lead from the ovaries to the uterus. A tubal ligation is a sterilization procedure to close the tubes.

  • Call Your Doctor

    Call your doctor if any of the following occur:

    • Signs of infection, including fever and chills
    • Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or discharge from the incision sites
    • Severe and continuous abdominal pain
    • Nausea and vomiting lasting more than a day
    • Cough, shortness of breath, or chest pain
    • Lightheadedness or fainting
    • Pain and or swelling in one or both legs
    • Heavy vaginal bleeding after the first day
    • Missed menstrual period

    If you have an emergency, call for emergency medical help right away.

  • Definition

    Fallopian tubes are tubes that lead from the ovaries to the uterus. A tubal ligation is a sterilization procedure to close the tubes.

    Options to Close Tubes
    Tubal ligation
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  • What to Expect

  • Reasons for Procedure

    Tubal ligation is done to prevent pregnancy.
    If you have this surgery, you will still ovulate and menstruate. The cut or blocked tubes keep the egg and sperm separated. When the egg and sperm cannot meet, fertilization does not happen and pregnancy cannot occur.

    This surgery is not recommended as a temporary or reversible procedure. Make sure you consider all the birth control options for you and your partner.

  • Possible Complications

    Problems from the procedure are rare, but all procedures have some risk. Potential problems include:

    • Infection
    • Bleeding
    • Anesthesia-related problems
    • Damage to other organs
    • Ectopic pregnancy

    Some factors that may increase the risk of problems include:

    • Smoking
    • Obesity
    • Previous abdominal surgery