Resources

  • References


    Incontinence. American Urological Association Foundation website. Available at:
    http://www.urologyhealth.org/urology/index.cfm?article=143.
    Updated March 2013. Accessed December 2, 2013.


    Incontinence. American Association of Family Physicians website. Available at:
    http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/urinary-incontinence.html. Updated July 2010. Accessed December 2, 2013.


    Surgical mesh. US Food and Drug Administration website. Available at:
    http://www.fda.gov/MedicalDevices/Safety/AlertsandNotices/ucm142636.htm. Updated September 24, 2013. Accessed December 2, 2013.


    Surgical treatment for female stress urinary incontinence. National Association for Continence website. Available at:
    http://www.nafc.org/bladder-bowel-health/types-of-incontinence/stress-incontinence/surgical-treatment-for-female-stress-urinary-incontinence. Accessed December 2, 2013.


    Townsend MK, Danforth KN, et al. Physical activity and incident urinary incontinence in middle-aged women.
    J Urol. 2008;179:1012-1016; discussion 1016-1017.


    6/3/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
    http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Mills E, Eyawo O, Lockhart I, Kelly S, Wu P, Ebbert JO. Smoking cessation reduces postoperative complications: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
    Am J Med.
    2011;124(2):144-154.e8.

  • Resources

    National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse

    http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov

    Urology Care Foundation

    http://www.urologyhealth.org

  • Canadian Resources

    The Canadian Continence Foundation

    http://www.canadiancontinence.ca

    Canadian Urological Association

    http://www.cua.org