• References

    Incontinence. American Urological Association Foundation website. Available at:
    Updated March 2013. Accessed December 2, 2013.

    Incontinence. American Association of Family Physicians website. Available at: Updated July 2010. Accessed December 2, 2013.

    Surgical mesh. US Food and Drug Administration website. Available at: Updated September 24, 2013. Accessed December 2, 2013.

    Surgical treatment for female stress urinary incontinence. National Association for Continence website. Available at: Accessed December 2, 2013.

    Townsend MK, Danforth KN, et al. Physical activity and incident urinary incontinence in middle-aged women.
    J Urol. 2008;179:1012-1016; discussion 1016-1017.

    6/3/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance Mills E, Eyawo O, Lockhart I, Kelly S, Wu P, Ebbert JO. Smoking cessation reduces postoperative complications: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
    Am J Med.

  • Resources

    National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse

    Urology Care Foundation

  • Canadian Resources

    The Canadian Continence Foundation

    Canadian Urological Association