Resources

  • References


    The surgical management of female stress urinary incontinence. The American Urological Association website. Available at:
    http://www.auanet.org/content/media/stress2009-chapter1.pdf. Published 1997. Accessed October 20, 2009.


    Surgical management of urinary incontinence. American Urological Association website. Available at:
    http://www.urologyhealth.org/urology/index.cfm?article=33. Updated 2003. Accessed October 20, 2009.


    Surgical mesh. US Food and Drug Administration website. Available at:
    http://www.fda.gov/MedicalDevices/Safety/AlertsandNotices/ucm142636.htm. Updated October 8, 2009. Accessed October 20, 2009.


    Surgical treatment for female stress urinary incontinence. National Association for Continence website. Available at:
    http://www.nafc.org/bladder-bowel-health/types-of-incontinence/stress-incontinence/surgical-treatment-for-female-stress-urinary-incontinence. Updated July 2009. Accessed October 20, 2009.

    Treatment and prevention.
    The American Urogynecologic Society website. Available at:
    http://www.mypelvichealth.org/TreatmentPrevention/BladderControlProblems/TreatmentOptions/Surgery/tabid/120/Default.aspx. Accessed October 20, 2009.


    Townsend MK, Danforth KN, et al. Physical activity and incident urinary incontinence in middle-aged women.
    J Urol. 2008;179:1012-1016; discussion 1016-1017.


    Urinary incontinence. American Academy of Family Physicians. Family Doctor.org website. Available at:
    http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/women/gen-health/189.html. Updated July 2010. Accessed November 19, 2010.


    6/3/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
    http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Mills E, Eyawo O, Lockhart I, Kelly S, Wu P, Ebbert JO. Smoking cessation reduces postoperative complications: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
    Am J Med.
    2011;124(2):144-154.e8.

  • Resources

    National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse

    http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov

    Urology Care Foundation

    http://www.urologyhealth.org

  • Canadian Resources

    Canadian Continence Foundation

    http://www.canadiancontinence.ca

    Canadian Urological Association

    http://www.cua.org