Vasectomy

Sperm passes from the testes to the penis in tubes called the vas deferens. A vasectomy is a surgery that blocks these tubes. This makes a man unable to make a woman pregnant.

  • Call Your Doctor

    After arriving home, contact your doctor if any of the following occurs:

    • Signs of infection, including fever and chills
    • Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or discharge from the incision site
    • Difficulty urinating
    • Pain that you cannot control with the medicines you have been given

    In case of an emergency, call for medical help right away.

  • Definition

    Sperm passes from the testes to the penis in tubes called the vas deferens. A vasectomy is a surgery that blocks these tubes. This makes a man unable to make a woman pregnant.

    Male Reproductive Anatomy
    male reproductive organs
    Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

  • What to Expect

  • Reasons for Procedure

    The surgery is done to make you sterile. This means that you are unable to cause a pregnancy.

    A vasectomy is done as permanent birth control. This option is for men who are sure they will not want to father a child in the future. There is a surgery to reverse a vasectomy. However, the reverse is not always successful.

  • Possible Complications

    If you are planning to have a vasectomy, your doctor will review a list of possible complications with you, which may include:

    • Infection
    • Swelling
    • Bruising
    • Bleeding
    • Chronic pain in and around the testes
    • Sperm granuloma (lumps due to immune system response to sperm leaking from the reproductive organs)
    • Ability to still make a woman pregnant

    Factors that may increase the risk of complications include:

    • Smoking
    • Local infections
    • Bleeding disorders
    • Prior surgery in that area