I can state with absolute certainty that without the involvement of our surgical residents, our response to the Pulse nightclub shooting would not have been as successful as it was. It is easy for those outside of training institutions to view residents simply as an immediate source of available manpower. However, their involvement in this tragedy extended far beyond their physical presence. In the immediate months after the mass-casualty shooting in Orlando, and throughout the ensuing year, we have learned a lot about the important role that surgical residents and the residency program played and can play in these events. We also have witnessed first-hand the toll these events can have on surgical trainees.