Nephrology is a branch of medicine that deals with kidney function and kidney diseases; a nephrologist is a physician who evaluates and treats disorders of the kidneys. Because kidneys often regulate blood pressure, nephrologists also manage hypertension (high blood pressure) and electrolyte disorders.

Your kidneys are located near the middle of your back and are small and bean-shaped with two important functions. First, the kidneys act as filters, sifting waste products from your blood. These waste products, and any extra water you may have, are delivered from your body through urine. Secondly, the kidneys sift essential nutrients and chemicals called electrolytes (such as potassium and sodium) from your blood. The kidneys regulate the electrolyte levels and maintain a proper balance in your body.

It's important to know that kidneys are composed of tiny blood vessels that can be easily damaged by high blood pressure. That's why it's so important to keep it under control. A nephrologist can also help you maintain a healthy blood pressure and electrolyte balance.

There are nephrologists on staff at Dr. P. Phillips Hospital, with offices adjacent to the hospital campus.