Mark Sand, MD, is certified by both the American Board of Surgery, as well as the American Board of Thoracic Surgery. He serves as a cardiovascular surgeon for Orlando Health Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery. Dr. Sand received his undergraduate degree and Masters of Science in Engineering from Purdue University in Indiana. He did an internship as well as his residency in general surgery at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, where he also served as chief resident. He went on to complete a residency in cardiothoracic surgery from the University of Alabama at Birmingham, where he served as chief resident as well. He has been featured in several publications and written many book chapters, as well as presented at many national conferences. He is currently a fellow of the American College of Surgeons and the American College of Cardiology. He is also a current member of the, the Southeastern Surgical Congress, the Society of Thoracic Surgeons, the Southern Thoracic Surgical Association, the Illinois Thoracic Society, the Surgical Society of the University of Alabama and the American Heart Association.