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Acute or Chronic Bronchitis
Bronchitis is a respiratory disease in which the bronchial tubes (which carries air to your lungs) become inflamed. As the irritated membrane swells and grows thicker, it narrows or shuts off the tiny airways in the lungs, resulting in coughing spells that may be accompanied by mucus and shortness of breath.
The two main types of bronchitis are acute (short term) and chronic (ongoing). Acute bronchitis may result in the hacking cough and mucus production that sometimes accompany an upper respiratory infection. The same viruses that cause colds and flu are the most common cause of acute bronchitis, but sometimes it is caused by bacteria. Chronic bronchitis is a serious long-term disorder that often requires regular medical treatment. It occurs if the lining of the bronchial tubes is constantly irritated and inflamed, causing a long-term cough with mucus. Smoking is the main cause of chronic bronchitis.