What is a concussion?
A concussion is a type of brain injury caused by a direct or indirect hit bump or hit to the head. This includes a hit to the body that causes the head to move back and forth. Both of these types of injuries cause the brain to rapidly move within the skull, resulting in chemical changes within the brain. Although imaging may be negative, you may still experience symptoms after a concussion. Share these symptoms with a family member, coach or physician as it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible if any of the symptoms below occur.
What are signs/symptoms of a concussion?
After a concussion, you may experience:
dizziness or blurred vision
nausea and/or vomiting
difficulty with memory
difficulty thinking clearly
greater irritability or crankiness
changes in emotions
sensitivity to light and/or sound
confusion or fogginess
slower processing speed
Should I continue playing?
Seek medical attention immediately if you suspect a concussion. Do not return to sports, play or any activity that can cause another concussion. You must be medically cleared by a physician to return to sport, work or play after a concussion.
What should I expect?
If you are diagnosed with a concussion, you should rest for the first 48 hours. During this time, limit physically/mentally challenging activities, including academics or work. Do not participate in any activities that place you at risk for another injury or that could increase your symptoms. Limit the use of electronics (cell phones, tablets, TV, video games, etc).
Who do I see?
After the first 48 hours, you should gradually return to daily activities, monitoring any increase in symptoms. During this time, your physician may refer you to see concussion specialists who can help manage your symptoms. This may include physical therapy, speech therapy, occupational therapy, neuropsychology or neurology.
Can I return to school/work after a concussion?
Yes. You should return within the first week after a concussion. You may need accommodations to help you return successfully. Your physician or concussion specialist can help you request these accommodations.