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Colon Adjuvant Chemotherapy Based on Evaluation of Residual Disease (CIRCULATE-US)

Colon Adjuvant Chemotherapy Based on Evaluation of Residual Disease

  • Clinical Trial Information

    Trial Contact: Bobe Cortes, Estefania

    Trial Phone: 321.841.6626

  • IRB No: NRG GI008

    Protocol Abbrev: NRG-GI008

    Principal Investigator: Omar R. Kayaleh, MD

    Phase: Drug: Phase II

    Age Group: Adult

    Secondary Protocol No: CIRCULATE-US

    ClinicalTrials.gov ID: NCT05174169

  • Objective

    This Phase II/III trial will evaluate what kind of chemotherapy to recommend to patients based on the presence or absences of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) after surgery for colon cancer.

  • Key Eligibility

    Inclusion Criteria:
    The patient must have an ECOG performance status of 0 or 1.
    Patients must have histologically/pathologically confirmed colon adenocarcinoma (T1-3, N1/N1c) with R0 resection accordingly to AJCC 8th edition criteria. NOTE: Patients with pathologic stages II or IIIC colon adenocarcinoma with R0 resection who have a commercially obtained Signatera™ ctDNA+ve assay result post-operatively meeting all timelines and eligibility requirements otherwise, are eligible for enrollment and inclusion in Cohort B.
    No radiographic evidence of overt metastatic disease within 28 days prior to study entry (CT with IV contrast or MRI imaging is acceptable and must include chest, abdomen, and pelvis).
    The distal extent of the tumor must be greater than or equal to 12 cm from the anal verge on colonoscopy or above the peritoneal reflection as documented during surgery or on pathology specimen (i.e., excluding rectal adenocarcinomas warranting treatment with chemoradiation).
    The patient must have had an en bloc complete gross resection of tumor (curative resection). Patients who have had a two-stage surgical procedure, to first provide a decompressive colostomy and then in a later procedure to have the definitive surgical resection, are eligible.
    The resected tumor specimen and a blood specimen from patients with Stage IIIA or Stage IIIB colon cancer must have central testing for ctDNA using the Signatera™ assay by Natera.
    NOTE: Patients with stage IIIA or IIIB colon cancer who otherwise meet eligibility criteria and have had ctDNA status checked with the Signatera™ assay as routine care outside of the study, are allowed to be enrolled, and will be retested and placed in either Cohort A or Cohort B depending on the central ctDNA testing result.
    NOTE: Patients with stage II or IIIC colon cancer who otherwise meet eligibility criteria and have had ctDNA status checked with the Signatera™ assay as routine care outside of the study AND have a ctDNA+ve result, are allowed to be enrolled. Patients will have central ctDNA testing, confirmed to be ctDNA+ve, and placed in Cohort B.
    Tumor must be documented as microsatellite stable or have intact mismatch repair proteins through CLIA-approved laboratory testing. Patients whose tumors are MSI-H or dMMR are excluded.
    The treating investigator must deem the patient a candidate for all potential agents used in this trial (5FU, LV, oxaliplatin and irinotecan).
    The interval between surgery (post-operative Day 7) and study entry must be no more than 60 days.
    Availability and provision of adequate surgical tumor tissue for molecular diagnostics and confirmatory profiling.
    Adequate hematologic function within 28 days before study entry defined as follows:
    •   Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) must be greater than or equal to 1500/mm3.
    •   Platelet count must be greater than or equal to 100,000/mm3; and
    •   Hemoglobin must be greater than or equal to 9 g/dL.
    Adequate hepatic function within 28 days before study entry defined as follows:
    •   total bilirubin must be less than or equal to ULN (upper limit of normal) for the lab and
    •   alkaline phosphatase must be less than 2.5 x ULN for the lab: and
    •   AST and ALT must be less than 2.5 x ULN for the lab.
    Adequate renal function within 28 days before study entry defined as serum creatinine less than or equal to 1.5 x ULN for the lab or measured or calculated creatinine clearance greater than or equal to 50 mL/min using the Cockroft-Gault formula for patients with creatinine levels greater than 1.5 x ULN for the lab.
    For Women Creatinine Clearance (mL/min) = (140 - age) x weight (kg) x 0.85 72 x serum creatinine (mg/dL) For Men Creatinine Clearance (mL/min) = (140 - age) x weight (kg) 72 x serum creatinine (mg/dL)
    HIV-infected patients on effective anti-retroviral therapy with undetectable viral load within 6 months are eligible for this trial.
    Pregnancy test (urine or serum according to institutional standard) done within 14 days before study entry must be negative (for women of childbearing potential only).
    Patients receiving a coumarin-derivative anticoagulant must agree to weekly monitoring of INR if they are randomized to Arm 1 or Arm 3 and receive capecitabine.
    Eligibility Criteria for Cohort A Arm-2 patients on Second Randomization
    Patient must have developed a ctDNA +ve assay during serial monitoring.
    Patient's willingness to be re-randomized affirmed.
    The patient must continue to have an ECOG performance status of 0 or 1.
    No radiographic evidence of overt metastatic disease.
    Pregnancy test (urine or serum according to institutional standard) done within 14 days before study entry must be negative (for women of childbearing potential only).
    Adequate hematologic function within 28 days before randomization defined as follows:
    •   Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) must be greater than or equal to 1500/mm3.
    •   Platelet count must be greater than or equal to 100,000/mm3; and
    •   Hemoglobin must be greater than or equal to 9 g/dL.
    Adequate hepatic function within 28 days before randomization defined as follows:
    •   total bilirubin must be less than or equal to ULN (upper limit of normal) for the lab and
    •   alkaline phosphatase must be less than 2.5 x ULN for the lab: and
    •   AST and ALT must be less than 2.5 x ULN for the lab.
    Adequate renal function within 28 days before randomization defined as serum creatinine less than or equal to 1.5 x ULN for the lab or measured or calculated creatinine clearance greater than or equal to 50 mL/min using the Cockroft-Gault formula for patients with creatinine levels greater than 1.5 x ULN for the lab.