The multidisciplinary team at Orlando Health Neuroscience Institute understands the difficulties and uncertainty that hydrocephalus can create for your family. Our compassionate caregivers will work with you to develop a treatment plan based on the unique needs of you or your child. Our specialized neurosurgeons offer the latest in surgical options for treating hydrocephalus. We also offer a full-service support team, including pediatric neurologists and therapists, to help you or your child manage the illness and achieve the best possible outcome.


Hydrocephalus is a condition that can happen at any age, though it is more common in infants and adults over 60. The condition occurs when cerebrospinal fluid builds up in the ventricles (cavities) in the brain. It forces the ventricles to expand, putting pressure on the brain. Symptoms of hydrocephalus vary based on a variety of factors, including age, disease progression and tolerance for the buildup of cerebrospinal fluid.


For infants, symptoms include:


Diagnosis begins with a physical examination by your doctor, who will ask about current symptoms and your (or your child’s) medical history. This visit will likely include an age-specific neurological exam to assess coordination, muscle condition and general well-being. From there, the doctor may suggest a range of diagnostic options, including:


Unfortunately, hydrocephalus is a life-threatening condition that can only be treated through brain surgery. The earlier it can be diagnosed, the better the chances are for a strong recovery. Our team of multidisciplinary specialists offers the most advanced treatment options available, along with a full range of services to help you or your child manage ongoing symptoms.


There are two types of brain surgery used to treat hydrocephalus:

Following surgery, it is not uncommon for patients – particularly children – to need additional care or treatment to help with long-term complications. Our team includes a diverse group of specialists, including:

  • Pediatric neurologist
  • Occupational therapist, to help with everyday skills
  • Developmental therapist, to help your child with age-appropriate behaviors and social skills
  • Psychologist or psychiatrist
  • Social worker, to assist with needed services and planning for transitions in care

Orlando Health Arnold Palmer Hospital for Children Neurosurgery provides advanced care for children of all ages, from birth through adulthood. With the largest group of pediatric neurosurgeons in Central Florida and more than 40 years of experience, our neurosurgical team offers leading-edge surgical procedures and surgical management for a wide range of neurological disorders.

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