Diagnosis begins with a physical examination by your doctor, who will ask for a detailed medical history for you and your family. Your doctor also will ask about behavioral changes you may be experiencing that could be related to hormone function. Other options include:
Blood and urine tests will look for abnormal hormone levels.
Your doctor may suggest ultrasound, computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans. These are painless procedures that offer a detailed look inside your body for evidence of tissue or gland abnormalities. Diagnosing neuroendocrine tumors may require the use of positron emission tomography (PET), which uses radioactive material, injected into a vein, to improve image quality.
Your surgeon will collect a small sample of the abnormal tissue for further analysis by the lab, which will look for the presence of cancer cells. Often these samples can be collected through a long thin tube, inserted through your throat or rectum. But surgery is sometimes required.
Since some endocrine cancers have potential genetic links, your doctor may suggest genetic testing to help you better understand your risk for other cancers – and how an inherited gene could affect your children.
Treatment Options @accordionTitleTag.Name>
Our highly specialized team of fellowship-trained physicians can provide top care for all forms of endocrine cancer. Our multidisciplinary approach means your will have endocrinologists, endocrine surgeons, oncologists, radiologists and specialized nurses working together to make sure you receive the best treatment available through a care plan designed specifically for you.
We offer the latest procedures and treatments available. These include:
Surgery is often the first choice with endocrine tumors. We offer the latest minimally invasive surgeries, reducing your recovery time, lowering the risk of complications and getting you out of the hospital faster. Surgeries target the tumor but may also require the removal of part or all of the gland and surrounding tissue.
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA)
This is a minimally invasive procedure that may be an alternative to surgery for some people. A thin needle is inserted into the tumor and heated up using high energy radio waves to destroy cancer cells.
Minimally invasive radioguided parathyroidectomy (MIRP)
Your surgeon uses a small incision (about an inch wide) in your neck to reach and remove the faulty parathyroid gland. Previous procedures required a larger incision, sometimes on both sides of the neck.
High-energy X-rays (or other types of radiation) are used to destroy cancer cells.
These treatments are often paired with surgery to improve outcomes. Among the options are chemotherapy and radioactive iodine.
Immunotherapy treatments are medicines that stimulate your immune system to fight cancer. These treatments can include either synthetic (artificial) immune system proteins or medicines to help your body release cells that attack cancer cells.
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